Today, on International Women’s Day, we honor women in society who have furthered science and conservation. We recognize this women for having helped to shape the way we view and study our natural world.
These 19 women below, are just a few of the many who have answered #EarthsCall, by becoming champions in their fields.
1. Anna Botsford Comstock (1854 – 1930)
Anna Botsford Comstock was an American artist, educator, conservationist, and a leader of the nature study movement. She was the first female professor at Cornell University and wrote The Handbook of Nature Study that is still used today!
2. Kate Sessions (1857 – 1940)
Katherine Olivia “Kate” Sessions was an American botanist, horticulturalist, and landscape architect closely associated with San Diego, California, and known as the “Mother of Balboa Park.”
3. Rosalie Barrow Edge (1877 – 1962)
Rosalie Barrow Edge was a birds-of-prey-enthusiast who in established the Emergency Conservation Committee to expose the conservation establishment’s ineffectiveness, and strongly advocated for species preservation. She also created the first refuge for birds of prey in the Appalachian Mountains.
4. Marjory Stoneman Douglas (1890 – 1998)
Marjory Stoneman Douglas was an American journalist, author, women’s suffrage advocate, and conservationist known for her staunch defense of the Everglades against efforts to drain it and reclaim land for development.
5. Margaret Thomas Murie (1902 – 2003)
Margaret Thomas “Mardy” Murie was a naturalist, author, adventurer, and conservationist. Dubbed the “Grandmother of the Conservation Movement” by both the Sierra Club and the Wilderness Society, she helped in the passage of the Wilderness Act, and was instrumental in creating the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
6. Grace Hopper (1906 – 1902)
Grace Brewster Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first compiler related tools.
7. Rachel Carson (1907 – 1964)
Rachel Louise Carson was an American marine biologist, author, and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
8. Katherine G. Johnson (1918 – Present)
Katherine Coleman Goble Johnson is an African-American mathematician whose calculations of orbital mechanics as a NASA employee were critical to the success of the first and subsequent U.S. manned spaceflights.
9. Dian Fossey (1932 – 1985)
Dian Fossey was an American primatologist and conservationist known for undertaking an extensive study of mountain gorilla groups from 1966 until her 1985 murder. She studied them daily in the mountain forests of Rwanda, initially encouraged to work there by paleoanthropologist Louis Leakey.
10. Jane Goodall (1934 – Present)
Jane Goodall, DBE, is an English primatologist and anthropologist. She is the world’s leading authority on chimpanzees. Goodall is famous for her work among the chimpanzees of Gombe and for her efforts to raise awareness about the plight of both wild and captive chimpanzees.
11. Sylvia Earle (1935 – Present)
Sylvia Alice is an American marine biologist, explorer, author,and lecturer. She has been a National Geographic explorer. She was the first female chief scientist of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and was named by Time Magazine as its first Hero for the Planet in 1998.
12. Wangari Maathai (1940 – 2011)
Wangarĩ Muta Maathai was a Kenyan environmental political activist and Nobel laureate. She is founder of the Green Belt Movement which has trained 30,000 to raise them out of poverty, and planted over 51 million trees.
13. Biruté Galdikas (1946 – Present)
Birutė Marija Filomena Galdikas, is a Lithuanian-Canadian anthropologist, primatologist, conservationist, ethologist, and author. She is currently a Professor at Simon Fraser University. Well known in the field of primatology, Galdikas is recognized as a leading authority on orangutans.
14. Jane Lubchenco (1947- Present)
Jane Lubchenco is an American environmental scientist and marine ecologist at Oregon State University. Her research interests include interactions between the environment and human well-being, biodiversity, climate change, and sustainable use of oceans and the planet.
15. Sally Ride (1951 – 2012)
Sally Kristen Ride was an American astronaut, physicist, and engineer. Born in Los Angeles, she joined NASA in 1978 and became the first American woman in space in 1983. Ride was the third woman in space overall, after USSR cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Svetlana Savitskaya.
16. Winona LaDuke (1959 – Present)
Winona LaDuke is an American environmentalist, economist, and writer, known for her work on tribal land claims and preservation, as well as sustainable development. Creator of White Earth Land Recovery Project and Honor the Earth,
17. Erin Brockovich (1960 – Present)
Erin Brockovich is an American legal clerk and environmental activist, who, despite her lack of formal education in the law, was instrumental in building a case against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) of California in 1993
18. Berta Isabel Cáceres Flores (1971 – 2016)
Berta Isabel Cáceres Floreswas a Honduran environmental activist, indigenous leader, and co-founder and coordinator of the Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras.
19. Isatou Ceesay (1972 – Present)
Isatou Ceesay is educating women in The Gambia to recycle plastic waste into revenues for themselves. For 17 years, she has been empowering women, and contributing to one of the most important issues around plastic waste.
#EarthsCall #IWD #InternationalWomensDay #WomensDay #InternationalWomensMonth #WomensMonth #WomenInScience #WomenInNature